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- Introduction
- Flying bullets on a microscopic scale
- Forces and moments affecting flying bullets
- Bullet stability
- Bullets at short ranges
- Bullets at long ranges
- Anomalies of bullet flight
- Summary, Acknowledgments, References
- Download this document

- Shadowgraph photography - experimental set-up
- Shadowgraph of a .308 Win. bullet at supersonic flight
- Shadowgraph of a 9mm Luger FMJ bullet at supersonic flight
- Shadowgraph of a .32 ACP bullet at subsonic flight

- The wind force
- Adding two forces to the wind force
- The overturning moment
- The gyroscopic effect
- The Magnus effect
- The Magnus force
- The Magnus moment
- Static stability factor (example)
- Over-stabilized bullet on a high-angle trajectory
- The yaw of repose
- The yaw of repose for a 7.62x51 Nato FMJ bullet fired at 32°
- Long range Doppler radar velocity measurement of a 7.62 x 51 Nato bullet
- Coning motion of destabilized Nato bullet
- Doppler radar velocity measurement of coning bullet

- Two arms model of yawing motion
- Yawing motion in general
- Experimental set-up to investigate yawing motion
- Yawing motion of M193 bullet cal. 5.56 x 45
- Yawing motion of an armor-piercing bullet, cal. 5.56 x 45
- Yawing motion of M74 bullet, cal. 5.45 x 39
- Yawing motion of an armor-piercing bullet, cal. 7.62 x 51 Nato
- Yawing motion of M80 bullet, cal. 7.62 x 51 Nato
- Yawing motion of KTW bullet, cal. .357 magnum
- Yawing motion of 9mm Luger FMJ RN bullet
- Yawing motion of a wadcutter bullet, cal. .38 special
- Yawing motion of .32 ACP FMJ RN bullet

- The drag force
- The lift force
- The Magnus force
- The overturning moment
- The Magnus moment
- The gyroscopic stability condition
- The dynamic stability condition
- The tractability condition
- The yaw of repose

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Last Update of this document: 01.01.1999